Eighteen cliff paintings dating back over 4,000 years have been discovered by archaeologists in northern China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, an official said Sunday.
The prehistoric portraits were unearthed in the Yinshan Mountains in Urad Middle Banner (an administration division of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region), said Liu Binjie, head of the Cultural Relics Bureau of Urad Middle Banner.
The patterns are still clear and the paintings have been arranged in an orderly manner on the cliffs. Liu added that they are the finest of their kind that have been unearthed so far.
Among the paintings, seven faces were exaggerated and monstrous, and have been interpreted as the seven stars of the “Big Dipper” constellation. Liu concluded that these may have been drawn by prehistoric men for worship.
So far, over 10,000 ancient cliff paintings (阴山岩画) have been discovered in the Yinshan Mountains, according to the archaeologists.
Liu said paintings of faces found on Yinshan Mountains cliffs are similar to those in the Helan Mountains, located on the boundary between Ningxia and Inner Mongolia. They are also similar to those in eastern Russia, showing close connections with ancient peoples’ migration patterns, and sacrificial and worship ceremonies.
They are very precious materials for the research on prehistorical life, said Liu.
Local government and relevant departments have made efforts to protect the cliff paintings in this area, including restrictions on grazing and the installation of monitoring equipment.